PhD Javier Garcia Veigas from the Scanning electron microscopy Technology of the CCiTUB, has collaborated in the paper "Combined LA-ICP-MS and cryo-SEM-EDS: An improved technique for quantitative analysis of major, minor, and trace elements in fluid inclusions in halite" recently published in the Chemical Geology Journal of ScienceDirect.
The article summary is:
"Quantitative multi-element analyses of single fluid inclusions in halite and other sedimentary minerals can provide information on the origin and chemical evolution of ancient surface waters on Earth. Integrated laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) and cryogenic-scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy (cryo-SEM-EDS) were used here for the quantitative analysis of fluid inclusions in halite. Single phase fluid inclusions in modern and ancient halite were analyzed using a 193 nm ArF excimer laser ablation system coupled with a quadrupole mass spectrometer to test a new calibration technique using magnesium (Mg) as an internal standard. Mg concentrations obtained by cryo-SEM-EDS analyses of fluid inclusions were used to convert LA-ICP-MS concentration ratios into absolute elemental concentrations. Mg concentrations of ancient fluid inclusions from cryo-SEM-EDS analyses were reproducible to better than 5% relative standard deviation (RSD). Comparison between the chemical composition of modern Dead Sea brine measured using ICP-OES (optical emission spectroscopy) and the composition of fluid inclusions in Dead Sea halite formed from those brines, shows that fluid inclusions in halite faithfully record the chemistry of the brines from which they precipitated.
Overall LA-ICP-MS analytical precision for major ions K, Ca, S in SO4 (above 50 mmol/kg H2O) is better than 10% RSD and accuracies range from 2% to 21%. Mean concentrations of Li, B, Sr, Rb and Ba agree within 7% of their expected values and are reproducible within 15%, whereas Cs concentrations above detection limit are typically reproducible to within 15 to 25% RSD. For trace elements in seawater, such as U and Mo, quantitative analyses in fluid inclusions are achieved at concentrations above 20 nmol/kg H2O. The results from this study confirm that the precision and accuracy of major and minor elemental analysis is improved with Mg as an internal standard instead of Na and Cl used in previous studies. Controlled, optimized ablation of >30 μm fluid inclusions in halite improved the accuracy and precision and reduced the overall limit of detection (LOD) by one order of magnitude compared to previous studies. Wide ranges of LODs, between 0.7 nmol/kg H2O and 10 mmol/kg H2O, reflect variations in inclusion volume and elemental concentrations. Analytical accuracies obtained for major elements demonstrate that cryo-SEM-EDS and LA-ICP-MS are complementary microbeam techniques for chemical analysis of individual fluid inclusions in halite."
The access to the paper may be done from here [+]