Centres Científics i Tecnològics UB



Publicació dels articles “Dynamics of KRas on endosomes: involvement of acidic phospholipids in its association” i “Imaging of the spleen in malaria

La Dra. María Calvo, responsable de la Tecnologia de Microscòpia Òptica Avançada dels CCiTUB al campus Casanova, ha participat als articles “Dynamics of KRas on endosomes: involvement of acidic phospholipids in its association” publicat al FaseB Journal i “Imaging of the spleen in malaria” publicat a Parasitology International.

L’abstract del primer article és:

“The endocytic compartment is emerging as a functional platform for controlling important cellular processes. We have found that ∼10 to 15% of total KRas, a protein that is frequently mutated in cancer, is present on endosomes, independent of its activation state. The dynamics of GFP-KRas wild-type (WT) and constitutively active or inactive mutants on endosomes were analyzed by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) microscopy. The measurements revealed an extraordinarily fast recovery of KRas WT [half-time (HT), ∼1.3 s] compared to HRas, Rab5, and EGFR, with the active KRasG12V mutant being significantly faster and more mobile (HT, ∼1 s, and ∼82% of exchangeable fraction) than the inactive KRasS17N (HT, ∼1.6 s, and ∼60% of exchangeable fraction). KRas rapidly switches from the cytoplasm to the endosomal membranes by an electrostatic interaction between its polybasic region and the endosomal acidic phospholipids, mainly phosphatidylserine.”

L’abstract del segon article és:

“Splenomegaly, albeit variably, is a hallmark of malaria; yet, the role of the spleen in Plasmodium infections remains vastly unknown. The implementation of imaging to study the spleen is rapidly advancing our knowledge of this so-called “blackbox” of the abdominal cavity. Not only has ex vivo imaging revealed the complex functional compartmentalization of the organ and immune effector cells, but it has also allowed the observation of major structural remodeling during infections. In vivo imaging, on the other hand, has allowed quantitative measurements of the dynamic passage of the parasite at spatial and temporal resolution. Here, we review imaging techniques used for studying the malarious spleen, from optical microscopy to in vivo imaging, and discuss the bright perspectives of evolving technologies in our present understanding of the role of this organ in infections caused by Plasmodium.”